What is the Aditya-L1 mission?

Aditya-L1 is a solar observatory operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). 

The solar observatory will monitor the sun with seven specially designed distinct scientific payloads, five of which have been developed by the ISRO. It will do so from its position at a gravitationally stable point in the Earth-sun system called Lagrange point 1  —  around 1 million miles (1.5 million kilometers) from Earth  —  where a spacecraft can remain stable in relation to both bodies. ISRO describes the mission as a “satellite dedicated to the comprehensive study of the sun.” The L1 suffix in the mission’s name refers to this location, while “Aditya” means “the sun” in Sanskrit.

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